Gas atoms that are inert like neon helium, argon, and helium do not (well nearly never!) form stable molecules by chemical bonds to other elements. It is simple to create gas discharge tubes, like a neon lamp. This is proof that inertness is not absolute. The light will shine after applying a tiny electrical voltage to the electrodes at the edges of the glass tube which is filled with gas inert.
It’s much simpler to explain the reason why neon does not change into inert during a discharge tube than explain how it is inert during chemical reactions. The discharge tube can increase the speed of a free electron up to a certain energy kinetic. The voltage has to be sufficient so that the electron will accelerate to a certain maximum energy kinetic. Positively charged ions are an element that has been ionized. It means that it has been able to take an electron from its orbital to render it “free” of particles. The electric current that flows between the electrodes of the tubes’ tubes is transported by the charge composed of charged electrons and ions.
The photo ( above) illustrates the gas discharge sign Sam Sampere, Syracuse University created by Sam Sampere, Syracuse University. The custom neon sign features neon discharge tubes (the “Physics” word written in orange) and mercury discharge tubes (the “Experience” word in blue, and the “Experience” word in blue), and an outer frame. The bottom of the sign’s sculpture symbolizes the electric and magnetic field of light. The sculpture’s yellow and white sine waves are composed of fluorescent light bulbs. These are mercury discharge tubes with special coatings on their inside walls. The coating absorbs ultraviolet light that is emitted by the mercury discharge inside the tube and releases light that has a lower power (and it is a different color) A variety of colors can be achieved based on the substance of the coating.
The gas discharges emit light, but what is the reason for this? The electron is excited to remove it from an atom. The electron is believed to be elevated to orbits with greater energy. The electron then returns to its orbital, and particles that emit light (a photon) can remove the energy of excitation. The discharge tube is lit. The energy of the photon (or its wavelength or color) can be determined by the difference in energy between the orbitals. Atoms emit photons with different energy levels based on the orbitals it is in. The photon energy and emission lines of a spectroscopist are exclusive to one individual atom. The mercury discharge tubes have distinct from the neon discharge tubes, which is evident from the symbol. This is the reason why Helium, an inert gas, was discovered. The observations of sunlight revealed a variety of photon energies that were not previously seen in Earth discharges.
It’s harder to understand the chemical inertness of certain gases. The rule of thumb is that, when two atoms are in proximity, they have the most energy (or the valence) when the orbital of the atoms changes significantly and the electrons of both atoms are reorganized. Chemical bonds can form when this reorganization decreases the energy of electrons in total. The electrons in ordinary non-inert molecules are extremely flexible, and bonds can be formed. However, electrons in the inert gas are more resistant to the proximity effect and thus, they do not create molecules.
A further example of a more significant phenomenon is the inexplicable inertness of matter. This is a contradiction between the inertness (about chemical bonding) of a gas and its dynamism in a glow discharge. A particle can be described as an inert, non-reactive particle when the energy involved in its interaction is low enough to stop electrons from being excited. The calmest and most relaxed particles are made up of inert gases such as a custom neon sign. But, the interaction energies rise and the nuclei are unable to maintain their integrity. The result is an amalgamation of electrons and inert nuclei. This is a highly exuberant plasma. The energy could be increased and the nuclei become less inert. Instead, we’ll get an amalgamation of nucleons inside the neutron star. It is possible to increase the energy to the point that you are in the world of quarks. Nucleons are no longer able to be inert, and we’re returning to the primitive, energetic conditions that were present shortly after the Big Bang.